Fly to Alanya at the Best Prices
Alanya, which historically has a strategic importance on the Mediterranean coast...
Sunday / 22:39
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1- Visit the Phosphorous Cave to witness the great illusion created by nature.
2- Join a Jeep Safari along the steep hills and climb the summit of the Taurus Mountains.
3- Be a guest at an unforgettable recital by planning your trip on the Alanya Jazz Days in September
4- For a short trip in history, walk around the Alanya Castle, which is the most important works built by Alaaddin Keykubat in Alanya.
5- Join a rafting activity on the Dim River on the skirts of the Taurus Mountains and have an adrenaline-filled experience.
Historically named as Coracesium, Calonoros and Alaiye, Alanya has a history of 20,000 years old according to the studies conducted in the Kadınini Cave in 1957. These lands were seized by the Persian empires in the 4th century BC, and then were used as a shelter for pirates as well as home of the Roman Empire under the rule of Magnus Pompeius. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, the city was seized by the Byzantine Empire, and was renamed as “Calonoros” meaning “beautiful mountain” because of the Taurus Mountains in its north. However, the Byzantine rule did not last very long, and the city was first invaded by the overlord Kyr Vart in 1204, and then by Seljukian Empire Alaaddin Keykubat who took the city in 1221 and married the daughter of Kyr Vart.
Alanya was the capital of the Seljukian Empire, and Alaaddin Keykubat reconstructed the city and renamed it as “Alaiye.” Alaiye had its golden era during this period. In 1300, with the downfall of the Seljukian Empire, the city was seized by Karamanoğlu tribe, but 127 later, it was sold against gold to the Egyptian Mameluk Sultan. Anatolia lacked an authoritarian system for a long time until 1471, when the union was achieved and finally Alaiye was seized by the Ottomans during the reign of Sultan Mehmet II. After the conquest led by Gedik Ahmet Paşa, the castle of the city and its surrounding were rebuilt, and the whole city was reconstructed by the Ottomans. The city was named “Alanya” by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in 1933, and has become a touristic attraction with its rich historical heritage.
Places to Visit
Alanya was home to various cultures throughout its history, and still has a rich heritage to be visited as well as historical monuments dating back to the times of Alaaddin Keykubat.
Alanya Castle: It is a touristic attraction with 83 towers, 140 bastions, its mosques and tombs. Built by Alaaddin Keykubat, Alanya Castle is currently used as an open-air museum and is a heritage that is worth visiting.
Alara Castle: A former haven for caravans, Alara Castle was also built by Alaaddin Keykubat. Although it was built in 1232, the castle still preserves its grandeur, and contains remains of tunnels, a palace, a Turkish bath and rooms carved inside rocks.
Red Tower: Another heritage of Alaaddin Keykubat in Alanya, the Red Tower is located on the port of Alanya, and acts as a shield against possible enemy attacks from the sea. The tower is 33 meters high and has five storeys. It has an octagonal structure, and the sunlight accessing the tower from the top reaches all of these storeys. Designed by construction master Ebu Ali Reha, the Tower was strengthened by use of egg whites in its mortar. Another striking feature of the tower is its reddish color, which is due to the egg yolk applied on the outer surface.
These three castles, each of which serves a different purpose and takes you to history in a second, will help you discover the culture and life of Seljukians who used to rule in Alanya. Alanya Museum, which is home to Roman, Byzantine and ancient Greek relics, is an important touristic attraction for those who wish to experience this former capital.
Alanya welcomes many local and foreign tourists with its beaches, its historical treasures and its amazing natural beauties. Privileged by the nature, this lovely district offers peace and cure to visitors with its caves, canyons and creeks.
Damlataş Cave: One of the popular natural beauties of Alanya, this cave has been formed by water drops dripping from the ceiling due to humidity, and its interior temperature is 23 degrees in every season. The cave is located on the coast, near Damlataş Beach, and is believed to offer relief to patients with respiratory diseases.
Phosphorous Cave: Another gift of nature to Alanya is the Phosphorous Cave where colors of playful light create an artistic view. The cave offers a scenery well worth seeing particularly during the reflections of the moonlight, and is only accessible by the sea.
Dim Creek: Dim Creek, born in the Taurus Mountains and flowing through Alanya, is another natural beauty to see in Alanya. The creek runs cold in all four seasons, and becomes a popular destination of local and foreign tourists. The creek also leads to the Dim Cave which has a karstic structure.
Sapadere Canyon: Sapadere Canyon offers an ideal alternative to those who love adrenaline while refreshing themselves. The canyon has a unique scenery, and the waterfalls in the end of the canyon is a must-see. The opportunity to cool down at the natural pool formed at the bottom of the waterfall, which is called “giant tank” is a detail that will make your trip more enjoyable.
Culture & Art
“Its port, its shipyard, its tower,
Its walls like the lion’s mane
You cannot find it anywhere in the world
Anyone who sees you is stupefied, Alanya! “
These four lines from the poem “Alanya” written by Celal Odabaş, reflects the admiration for the history and the present situation of Alanya. Alanya has a population that is formed by people from different cultural backgrounds, and plays an important role in international tourism. The same goes for culture and arts in this district. Alanya hosts various international events. Alanya International Tourism and Arts Festival, which has become a tradition since 2000, is held every year in the last week of May and becomes a setting for colorful scenes. The festival features, musical events such as opera, ballet and concerts, as well as artistic activities such as folk dances, animation, seminars, photography and painting exhibitions, which can make you full of culture and arts!
Oba Municipality Culture, Arts and Orange Festival, which is a local event for various cultural activities and exhibitions, is also one of the highlights of summer. The festival features shows by janissary bands, local folk dances, recitals of Turkish folk songs, concerts by local musicians and various contests. The events offer details to those who wish to find out more about the culture of Alanya. As well as festivals, the home where Mustafa Kemal Atatürk stayed during his visit in 1935 has been turned into a museum and is a cultural asset that must be visited. The Museum was donated to the Ministry of Culture by its owner, and contains various souvenirs from personal belongings of Atatürk to the telegrams he sent to Alanya. The house also has various traditional furniture used in homes of Alanya, which make it a cultural destination.
What to Eat?
Alanya is one of the leading areas that can develop with tourism, but it also makes a considerable contribution to the national economy with its agricultural activities. Thus, its authentic cuisine and traditional dishes are important. The impact of the local accent on the cuisine is easily observed in the names of the dishes, including “döğme aşı, lumbar, laba, yarpuzlu akdarı soup” which are the highlights of the traditional cooking. “Ilibada sarması”, which is a sort of stuffed leaves, is a combination of ilibada leaves, growing in Alanya, with bulgur, tomato paste and spices. “Göleviz” is another local delicacy made of locally grown “göleviz” and minced meat. Alanya is also home to various species of mushrooms and each of them reflects the food culture of the region with the taste they bring to dishes.
“Döğme aşı” is another delicacy of Alanya, made of wheat sewn during the harvest time, with butter and onions. This dish is also called “keşkek” among local people, and it has a pudding-like texture, and it is one of the favorite delicacies in the area. “Şepit” is a very practical dish that is preferred by visitors, and it is made of dough cooked on a metal plate. The dessert culture of Alanya often features honey and grape molasses. “Çigirdik”, which is made of wild bitter oranges, honey and sesame, and “öksüz helvası”, which is made of dought and grape molasses, are a few of the most famous desserts of Alanya. Furthermore, the International Golden Spoon Cooking Contest, held every year at the Alanya Municipality Cultural Center, is an opportunity to display the most delicious dishes of the region.
Alanya offers a wide range of options for shopping, with its two shopping malls, marketplaces and bazaars offering service to all budgets and all tastes. Alanyum with 60 stores and Megamall with 47 stores are the shopping malls with a large area where you can shop from global brands and have some enjoyable time. Central Alanya also offers the opportunity for sightseeing and shopping with various stores in different categories. You can see the boutiques on the street and buy leather products in various colors and styles.
The lovely district also offers alternatives for those who want to buy a local souvenir. You can buy various types of jam, such as bitter orange, bergamot, watermelon or eggplant, or carpets dyed with madder. You can purchase silk fabrics made by the local people who have been engaged in silk farming since 12th century BC, and contribute to local economy while bringing a nice souvenir from Alanya to your home. You can also buy gifts for your friends and family, such as bookmarkers, magnets or coasters from the market place, which is also home to historical monuments that represent Alanya. Su Kabağı Handcrafts House, where candle holders, spoons, lamp shades or other decorative items made of calabash, is one of the stops you can drop by while shopping in Alanya.
Special Days and Festivals
Alanya hosts various contests and festivals throughout the year, and it particularly stands out with its sports activities. Bringing people at international contests and festivals, Alanya is home to festivals that feature various activities from beach volley, swimming marathon to mountain biking and public races. Alanya International Beach Volley in June, Alanya International Street Handball Tournament in July, Alanya Local Tennis Tournament and Alanta International Rythmic Gymnatics Championship in September are among the details that make Alanya an attraction for sports fans.
Alanya has an attractive calendar for cultural and artistic events, and the district hosts Alanya International Tourism and Arts Festival and Oba Municipality Culture, Arts and Orange Festival every year. Featuring various concerts, exhibitions, musical and dance shows, the event brings various visitors on a common ground. Furthermore, Alanya Jazz Days, held in the impressive atmosphere of the Red Tower Square every September, has become one of the traditional festivals of Alanya. Attendance to the festival is free of charge, and all visitors to Alanya have the opportunity to see the amazing live performances by Turkish and foreign jazz masters.
Çatak Kanispi Walnut, Honey, Trout and Nature Festival is held in Çatak between the last week of June and first week of July every year. The festival is popular among the local people and it is held in cooperation of Çatak District Governorship and Çatan Municipality. Moreover, Akdamar Church Armenian Mass is held in the first week of every September in Gevaş, in cooperation with Istanbul Armenian Patriarch and Van Governorship, and during the mass the city hosts many visitors from other cities and other countries. You can plan your trip according to this calendar to participate in these cultural activities which symbolize the city, and make your holiday more enjoyable.
Alanya hosts huge numbers of visitors as a touristic attraction, and offers accommodation facilities that address every taste. Rose Garden Apart Hotel or İris Apart Otel at the city center are ideal alternatives for those who want to have a full experience of the hubs of the city, enjoy the vivid nightlife and mingle in the crowds. Hotel Grand Kaptan, Alantur Hotel and Riverside Resort Property, which are located near the Dim Creek, are the options for those who want to discover the nature and have a quiet holiday. Michell Hotel & Spa, located near the Dim Creek with a view of the Taurus Mountains, accepts only adult guests and offers a wonderful experience to those who want to have a romantic holiday.
Waterfall Residence, Xperia Saray Beach Hotel and Tac Premier Hotel & Spa are among the luxury hotels located near Damlataş (Cleopatra) Beach, which offer alternatives for fans of water sports. Tay Camping, Perle Camping and İncekum Forest Camp offer you a more authentic and nature-friendly holiday experience in Alanya, which has a picturesque atmosphere with its caves, creeks, sea and forests.